Hadhrat Abu Hurayra reports that Rasulullaah said, “After the fasts of
Ramadhaan, the best fasts are those observed during Allaah’s month of Muharram.”
Tirmidhi Vol. 1 Pg. 157. Imam Tirmidhi has stated that the hadith is authentic.
Hadhrat Ali & narrates that he was once sitting with Rasulullaah $5 when a person
asked, “0 Rasulullaah % ! Besides the month of Ramadhaan, in which month would
you advise me to fast?” Rasulullaah % replied, “Ifyou wish to fast in any month after
Ramadhaan, then fast in the month of Muharram because this is Allaah’s month. It
has a day in which Allaah & had accepted the repentance of a nation and in which
Allaah & will accept the repentance of others also.”‘
Tirmidhi Vol. 1 Pg. 157
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas Areports that when Rasulullaah came to Madinah,
he noticed that the Jews fasted on the day ofAashura. When he asked them the reason
for this, they replied, “This is a great day. It was on this day that Allaah 3s delivered
the Bani Israa’eel from their enemy. On this day Allaah & granted victory to Hadhrat
Moosa and the Bani Israa’eel. We fast because of the distinction of this day.”
Rasulullaah then said to the Jews, “We are closer to Hadhrat Moosa than you.”
Rasulullaah & also observed this fast and instructed the Muslims to follow suit.
Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg. 268 & 562.
Hadhrat Abu Moosa Ash’ari & states that when Rasulullaah $$ arrived in Madinah,
he discovered that some Jews commemorated the day of Aashura and also fasted on
this day. They regarded this day as a day of celebration. Rasulullaah $5 said that the
Muslims are more deserving of the fast on this day and he instructed the Muslims to
fast on this day.
” Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg. 268 & 562.
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas & also mentioned that among all the fasts that are
more virtuous than the rest, he did not see Rasulullaah A attach more importance to
or lookmore forward to any fast more than the fast of the day of Aashura and those of
Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg. 268.
When Hadhrat Ameer Mu’aawiya 4 was travelling from Hajj, he happened to be in
Madinah on the day of Aashura. Standing on the Mimbar (pulpit) of Rasulullaah %,
he addressed the people stating, “0 people of Madinah! Where are your Ulema? I
have heard Rasulullaah $5 say, ‘This is the day of Aashura. Allaah 9g has not made its
fast compulsory for you. I am fasting, so whoever wants to fast may do so and
whoever does not want to fast neednot fast.”‘
Bukhari Vol. 1 Pg. 268.
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas & narrates that Rasulullaah $$ fasted on the day of
Aashura and instructed the Muslims to fast as well. When the Muslims told
Rasulullaah g that the Jews and the Christians revere this day, he replied, “If I am
alive next year, Insha Allaah I shall fast on the ninth as well.” However, Rasulullaah
passed away before the next year.”
Muslim Val. 1 Pg. 359.
Hadhrat Hakam bin A’raj (Rahmatullaahi Alay) narrates that he once came to
Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas & while he was reclining on a shawl near the well of
Zamzam. He then asked Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas &, “Tell me how I should
observe the fast of the day of Aashura?” Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas 4 replied,
“When you see the moon of Muharram, count the days and then fast on the morning
of the ninth day.” When asked whether Rasulullaah fasted in this manner, Hadhrat
Abdullaah bin Abbaas replied in the affirmative.
Tirmidhi Vol. 1 Pg. 158. This hadith is sound.
According to another hadith, Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas said that Rasulullaah
instructed them to fast on the tenth.
Tahaawi andBayhaqi narrate this hadith with areliable chain ofnarrators, as mentioned in “Tuhfatul Ah’wadhi”.
Y et another narration of Hadhrat Abdullaah
bin Abbaas & states that he said, “Fast on the ninth and tenth, thereby opposing the
Tirmidhi Vol. 1 Pg. 158.
There is another hadith reported by Hadhrat Abdullaah bin Abbaas which is
famously quoted in many books of Ahadeeth. The narration is from Muhammad Ibn
Abi Layla and it says that Rasulullaah mentioned, “Fast on the day of Aashura but
oppose the Jews by fasting a day before or a day after.”
Musnad Ahmad Vol. 1 Pg. 241, Tahaawi, Bayhaqi, Bazzaar and others.